Las Metáforas Conceptuales como Herramientas Didácticas

Katarzyna Karska

Resumen


El objetivo del artículo es mostrar diferentes aplicaciones de las metáforas conceptuales (MC) en el contexto de la enseñanza y el aprendizaje de idiomas. Las metáforas demuestran ser herramientas útiles para mejorar y facilitar el proceso didáctico. El documento presenta el concepto de CM y sus dominios y asignaciones en las áreas de aula de segundo idioma que es como una herramienta para una mejor comprensión y producción de un idioma extranjero. La aplicación de CM demuestra ser especialmente efectiva en los procesos de enseñanza involucrados en el desarrollo de habilidades perceptivas de lectura y escucha. Su potencial es visible no solo para aumentar la conciencia intercultural de los estudiantes sino también para enseñar habilidades integradas. Además, las metáforas tienen un impacto positivo en el lenguaje de la argumentación, enunciando, defendiendo y haciendo hipótesis. El documento se centra en expresiones idiomáticas, verbos (frasales), expresiones polisémicas y vocabulario, como las áreas donde CM puede mejorar la producción y recepción de nuevos elementos léxicos en particular.


Palabras clave


metáforas conceptuales; herramientas didácticas; aula de idiomas; verbos (frasales); expresiones polisémicas; modismos; nuevos elementos léxicos

Referencias


Boers, F. (2004). Expanding learners’ vocabulary through metaphor awareness: What expansion, what learners, what vocabulary. In M. Achard & S. Niemeier (Eds.), Cognitive linguistics, second language acquisition and foreign language teaching (pp. 211–232). Berlin, New York: De Gruyter.

Boers, F., & Lindstromberg, S. (2006). Cognitive linguistic applications in second or foreign language instruction: Rationale, proposals, and evaluation. In G. Kristiansen, M. Achard, R. Dirven, & F. J. R. de Mendoza Ibáñez (Eds.), Cognitive linguistics: Current applications and future perspectives (pp. 305–355). Berlin, New York: De Gruyter.

Carter, R., & McCarthy, M. (1988). Vocabulary and language teaching. London: Longman.

Exploring Metaphors in the Classroom. 2004. last accessed on the 11th of January 2018, Available at https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/exploring-metaphors-classroom

Filipczuk, S. 2015. The Cognitive Theory of Metaphor in a Non-Academic Classroom. In Social and Behavioral Sciences 186 pp. 955-965

Gardner, D. & Davies, M. (2007) Pointing out frequent phrasal verbs: A corpus-based analysis. TESOL Quarterly, 41(2). 339-359. http://www.jstor.org/stable/40264356

Hoang, H. 2014. Metaphor and second language learning: the state of the field. In Electronic Journal of English as a Second Language. Vol. 8 number 2

Karska, K. & Prażmo, E. 2017. Didactic potential of metaphors in medical discourse. Linguistics Beyond And Within Vol. 3 pp. 102-116

Kömür, Ş. & Çimen, Ş., S. (2009). Using Conceptual Metaphors in Teaching Idioms in a Foreign Language Context. Available at http://dergipark.gov.tr/download/article-file/217279last accessed on the 09/05/2018

Kövecses, Z. 2001. A cognitive linguistic view of learning idioms in an FLT context. In Applied Cognitive Linguistics II: Language Pedagogy. Martin Pütz, Susanne Niemeier, René Dirven (Eds). Mouton De Gruyter.

Kövecses, Z. (2002/2010). Metaphor: A Practical Introduction. Oxford University Press

Lakoff, G., Johnson, M. 1980. Metaphors We Live By. The University of Chicago Press

Low, G. 2008. Metaphor and Education. In The Cambridge Handbook of Metaphor and Thought. (2008). Ed. Gibbs, R., W., Jr. Cambridge University Press

MacArthur, F. (2010). Metaphorical competence in EFL: Where are we and where should we be going? A view from the language classroom. AILA Review, Vol. 23(1), pp. 155–173.

Murcia, M. & Rosensweig, F. (1979). Teaching Vocabulary in the ESL Classroom. Rowley, MA: Newburg House

Pérez, R., G. 2016. Teaching Conceptual Metaphors to EFL Learners in the European Space of Higher Education. In European Journal of Applied Linguistics, Volume 5, Issue 1, accessed on 30 June 2018 at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/292185857_Teaching_Conceptual_Metaphors_to_EFL_Learners_in_the_European_Space_of_Higher_Education

Reddy, M. 1979. The Conduit Metaphor: a Case of Frame Conflict in ourLanguage about Language, in A. Ortony, ed., Metaphor and Thought..Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Rudzka-Ostyn, B. (2003). Word power: Phrasal verbs and compounds. Berlin: De Gruyter.

Simpson, R., & Mendis, D. (2003). A corpus-based study of idioms in academic Speech. TESOL Quarterly, 37(3), 419-441.

Swain, M. (2006). Languaging, agency and collaboration in advanced second language proficiency. In H. Byrnes (Ed.), Advanced language learning: The contribution of Halliday and Vygotsky (pp. 95–108). London, New York: Continuum.

Thom, D., 2017. How to Teach phrasal Verbs Using Conceptual Metaphors. In Digital Commons@WOU. Vol 6. Last accessed on the 11th of January 2018;

Walqui, A. (2006) Scaffolding Instruction for English Language learners: A Conceptual Framework

Xin Fang, 2014. Conceptual Metaphors and Vocabulary Teaching in the EFL Context. In Open Journal of Modern Linguistics. Vol. 4 pp. 375-778; Boers, F. (2004). Expanding learners’ vocabulary through metaphor awareness: What expansion, what learners, what vocabulary. In M. Achard & S. Niemeier (Eds.), Cognitive linguistics, second language acquisition and foreign language teaching (pp. 211–232). Berlin, New York: De Gruyter.

Boers, F., & Lindstromberg, S. (2006). Cognitive linguistic applications in second or foreign language instruction: Rationale, proposals, and evaluation. In G. Kristiansen, M. Achard, R. Dirven, & F. J. R. de Mendoza Ibáñez (Eds.), Cognitive linguistics: Current applications and future perspectives (pp. 305–355). Berlin, New York: De Gruyter.

Carter, R., & McCarthy, M. (1988). Vocabulary and language teaching. London: Longman.

Exploring Metaphors in the Classroom. 2004. last accessed on the 11th of January 2018, Available at https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/exploring-metaphors-classroom

Filipczuk, S. 2015. The Cognitive Theory of Metaphor in a Non-Academic Classroom. In Social and Behavioral Sciences 186 pp. 955-965

Gardner, D. & Davies, M. (2007) Pointing out frequent phrasal verbs: A corpus-based analysis. TESOL Quarterly, 41(2). 339-359. http://www.jstor.org/stable/40264356

Hoang, H. 2014. Metaphor and second language learning: the state of the field. In Electronic Journal of English as a Second Language. Vol. 8 number 2

Karska, K. & Prażmo, E. 2017. Didactic potential of metaphors in medical discourse. Linguistics Beyond And Within Vol. 3 pp. 102-116

Kömür, Ş. & Çimen, Ş., S. (2009). Using Conceptual Metaphors in Teaching Idioms in a Foreign Language Context. Available at http://dergipark.gov.tr/download/article-file/217279last accessed on the 09/05/2018

Kövecses, Z. 2001. A cognitive linguistic view of learning idioms in an FLT context. In Applied Cognitive Linguistics II: Language Pedagogy. Martin Pütz, Susanne Niemeier, René Dirven (Eds). Mouton De Gruyter.

Kövecses, Z. (2002/2010). Metaphor: A Practical Introduction. Oxford University Press

Lakoff, G., Johnson, M. 1980. Metaphors We Live By. The University of Chicago Press

Low, G. 2008. Metaphor and Education. In The Cambridge Handbook of Metaphor and Thought. (2008). Ed. Gibbs, R., W., Jr. Cambridge University Press

MacArthur, F. (2010). Metaphorical competence in EFL: Where are we and where should we be going? A view from the language classroom. AILA Review, Vol. 23(1), pp. 155–173.

Murcia, M. & Rosensweig, F. (1979). Teaching Vocabulary in the ESL Classroom. Rowley, MA: Newburg House

Pérez, R., G. 2016. Teaching Conceptual Metaphors to EFL Learners in the European Space of Higher Education. In European Journal of Applied Linguistics, Volume 5, Issue 1, accessed on 30 June 2018 at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/292185857_Teaching_Conceptual_Metaphors_to_EFL_Learners_in_the_European_Space_of_Higher_Education

Reddy, M. 1979. The Conduit Metaphor: a Case of Frame Conflict in ourLanguage about Language, in A. Ortony, ed., Metaphor and Thought..Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Rudzka-Ostyn, B. (2003). Word power: Phrasal verbs and compounds. Berlin: De Gruyter.

Simpson, R., & Mendis, D. (2003). A corpus-based study of idioms in academic Speech. TESOL Quarterly, 37(3), 419-441.

Swain, M. (2006). Languaging, agency and collaboration in advanced second language proficiency. In H. Byrnes (Ed.), Advanced language learning: The contribution of Halliday and Vygotsky (pp. 95–108). London, New York: Continuum.

Thom, D., 2017. How to Teach phrasal Verbs Using Conceptual Metaphors. In Digital Commons@WOU. Vol 6. Last accessed on the 11th of January 2018;

Walqui, A. (2006) Scaffolding Instruction for English Language learners: A Conceptual Framework

Xin Fang, 2014. Conceptual Metaphors and Vocabulary Teaching in the EFL Context. In Open Journal of Modern Linguistics. Vol. 4 pp. 375-778;


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ISSN: 0214-0489